Home » Anti-Ransomware » Vital Facts & Questions about Ransomware that one must know

There is no doubt about the nuisances that people face because of Ransomware. It has become one of the serious security breaches for individuals and big companies. Ransomware is a malware that locks PC or encodes documents. Later it asks for the ransom money to let go off the PC or decode the files.

The victims of ransomware are growing at a rapid pace over the past few years, with hackers trying out innovative tools into their cyber-attacks. In this article, ransomware facts and questions are mentioned so that you can be more protected.

  1. When the first ransomware was reported?

A number of people think this malware is quite new. But it was first reported in 1989. “AIDS Trojan” was the first ransomware; it was designed to attack the World Health Organization’s conference participants on AIDS. However, this malware was quite weak technically and was fixed, but it became the father of all the ransomware.

  1. What variants of ransomware are reported?

There are two major versions of ransomware.

  1. Document Encrypting – It encodes files comprising pictures, word docs, spreadsheets, PDFs, and videos it can find in the device.
  2. Screen Locker – Locks the screen of the attacked device and makes it useless.

Document Encrypting ransomware are more commonly observed than screen lockers ransomware. This is because hackers allow their targets to use their PC for paying ransom money.

  1. How does ransomware get inside a device?
  • E-mail is the most popular approach of hackers to execute ransomware. Fake and tricky emails which contain malware are sent to target users.
  • Exploit kit and forge websites can harm the system with ransomware.

When a PC is attacked via ransomware, nothing different happens that reveal about infection. It is when ransomware displays ransom note customers come to know that something is not correct.

  1. Why ransomware is complicated to deal with?

Ransomware is a hard nut to crack as they opt for the latest technology. Traditional ransomware used encryption technique that was not tough to fix. The modern day’s ransomware, however, uses innovative techniques to encrypt the files. Here, hackers use the public key for encrypting files and a private key to decrypt the files. Hackers ask money for private key from a victim that decrypt the files. Without a key, the decryption is not possible.

  1. One should compromise with the hacker demand?

It is strongly advised never to pay ransom money. Paying them only encourages hackers. In addition to that, it is never guaranteed that you will get your documents back even if you have paid the ransomware’s demands.

  1. What steps need to be followed to stay away from ransomware?

It is tough to decrypt without the private key, blocking ransomware is difficult. Below are some security measures that lower the intensity of ransomware attacks.

  • Never download attachments sent by unidentified, or unwanted resources.
  • If an email seems to come from a person you know with urgency, call the sender to confirm. Most phishing emails seem to be urgent. The way they are composed is basically to fake a target into taking action like opening a URL or downloading a file.
  • Do not open links or download files in emails that require personal details, or discuss financial details.
  • Install Anti-Ransomware Security Software for your Operating System, applications like Adobe, Internet Browsers, and Java. These updates handle security vulnerability in these platforms and stop malware.
  • Make sure that your antivirus software is latest and blocks phishing emails and phishing websites.
  • Take regular backups of your files. Remember to disconnect the Internet when backing up data on hard disk. Take out the hard disk before connecting to the internet.
  • Use security software that can stop ransomware from infecting PC. There are several Ransomware Security Software available in the market and on the web. The after-sale service of the software is incredible when an issue comes up.